Views:98 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-07-29 Origin:Site
In the past three or four decades, the incidence of various infectious diseases has been greatly reduced due to the improvement of living standards and sanitary conditions. However, chronic diseases have become the most important diseases that endanger human health and have become the leading cause of death. In 2005, about 35 million people worldwide died of chronic diseases, accounting for 60% of all deaths, of which 17 million died of cardiovascular disease, so the risk of cardiovascular disease can be seen.
According to the statistics of the previous two years, the first cause of death is cancer, the second cause of death is cerebrovascular disease, which is stroke, and the third is heart disease. The combination of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases is the cause of the first death, so the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases is very important now. It is estimated that during the 10 years from 2005 to 2015, the economic loss caused by chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and diabetes in our country is 558 billion US dollars, accounting for one-fifth to one-quarter of the national health care investment. The burden is very large. To reduce the cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular disease patients should know the factors affect cardiovascular disease
1. Eight Factors Affecting Cardiovascular Disease
1) Hypertension: Hypertension is the largest and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In China, the prevalence of hypertension is also very high, with about 160 million patients. Hypertension can easily cause atherosclerosis, further damage the heart, brain blood vessels, kidneys, aorta, etc., and enhance the incidence of coronary heart disease. Vascular occlusion and rupture in patients with hypertension is about 20 years earlier than those with normal blood pressure. Some hypertensive patients do not have symptoms such as dizziness or symptoms that are not obvious and are easily overlooked. But blood pressure can be measured more easily and controlled by lifestyle changes and medications. Blood pressure above 140/90 mm Hg is high blood pressure. The standard of normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg. The blood pressure of patients with diabetes and coronary heart disease should be lower to prevent cardiovascular events. .
2) Smoking: Smoking is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Smoking not only affects the health of the respiratory tract, but also is not conducive to the health of other organs. Smoking affects the function of the vascular endothelium, making cardiovascular disease unstable, which will cause thrombosis, lead to stroke, myocardial infarction and the like. Epidemiological studies have shown that the risk of smoking leading to coronary heart disease is proportional to the amount of smoking; paper smoking is more dangerous than other types of smoking; autopsy studies have found that smokers have much more arteriosclerosis than nonsmokers. It not only affects the occurrence of coronary heart disease, but also the prognosis of myocardial infarction.
3) Hyorelipemia: epidemiological investigation found that blood cholesterol levels higher than 260 grams / 100 ml, the incidence of coronary heart disease is 5times than that less than 200 mg / 100 liters, indicating that high blood lipids are susceptible to get heart disease.
4) Hyperglycemia: hyperlipemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertriglyceridemia and other factors often coexist and will accelerate atherosclerosis. Chinese people generally consume more carbohydrates, and diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance(IGT)are not uncommon. Many people find hyperglycemia after regular physical examination or coronary heart disease. 70-80% of diabetic patients die from diseases associated with atherosclerosis, and secondly because of small blood vessel disease, therefore, prevention is very important.
5) Lack of physical exercise: if people do not have enough exercise, the energy converted by the food can not be consumed, it will become fat storage. Then, the greater the body mass index, the higher the blood pressure, and the higher the blood sugar and blood lipids.
6) Unreasonable diet structure: the energy provided by fat increases, and the intake of vegetables and fruits is insufficient. The irrational dietary structure directly affect cardiovascular health, “bogey” is crucial in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.
7) Obesity: Obesity is the chief culprit of many diseases. Obesity also increases the incidence of diabetes, hypertension, lipid abnormalities, ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, cholelithiasis, osteoarthrosis, polycystic ovary syndrome, and cancer.
8) High psychological stress: study, work, family relations, daily life are too large. Staying up late often makes the body's various organs not to be restored. Vicious circle leads to physical morbidity.