Views:97 Author:Site Editor Publish Time: 2019-07-05 Origin:Site
Tuberculosis is a stubborn chronic disease. Early symptoms are relatively secret. Once infected, if it is not timely and irregular, or incompletely treated, it will eventually lead to recurrence, deterioration, drug resistance, refractory tuberculosis, and chronic infection. It endangers families and society and eventually dies due to repeated complications. Below list some measures to prevent tuberculosis
Infants/children and the elderly are susceptible to tuberculosis. Take the child for example. Once a child inhales tuberculosis, it can cause a primary infection. Most children infected with tuberculosis do not develop disease and do not affect development. A small number of children with poor resistance can develop primary tuberculosis, even severe systemic disseminated tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis. The key to preventing tuberculosis in children is to protect children from tuberculosis infection. Children with tuberculosis infection are mainly from sputum-positive tuberculosis patients, most of whom are family members and caregivers. Children should avoid contact with tuberculosis patients. Neonatal BCG vaccination can increase resistance to tuberculosis and reduce tuberculosis in children. Due to the limited protective capacity of BCG, children who have been vaccinated with BCG should also be aware of the prevention of tuberculosis infection. Children who are strongly positive for the tuberculin (PPD) test should be examined by a specialist and decide whether to take preventive treatment to reduce the chance of the disease. At the same time, we must pay attention to children's reasonable diet, regular life, and enhance resistance.
The neonatal vaccination with BCG can greatly reduce the risk of severe tuberculosis such as miliary tuberculosis and tuberculous meningitis in children.
In daily life, attention should be paid to adjusting the work schedule, increasing nutrition, combining work and rest, moderate exercise, relieving stress, and enhancing self-resistance. The room should be well ventilated, keep your personal hygiene, don't spit, and cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or paper towel when you cough or sneeze. Older people and children with low resistance should go to crowd gathering places.
Cough and sputum persist for more than two weeks, or hemoptysis and blood stasis are common symptoms of tuberculosis. In addition, patients may have fever (afternoon hot flashes), fatigue, fatigue, night sweats, loss of appetite, weight loss, chest pain, and women may have symptoms such as irregular menstruation. Those who find the above symptoms should go to the hospital in time.
Patients should receive regular treatment as soon as possible to the tuberculosis professional clinic. Adhere to policy of "early, joint use, appropriate amount, regularity, the whole process", can not stop or interrupt medication. After the cure, regular follow-up should be taken to prevent recurrence of the disease.
Those who are in close contact with tuberculosis patients should promptly check accordingly. If suspected of "latent infection" (infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis but not yet onset), preventive treatment should be carried out under the guidance of a doctor to reduce the risk of tuberculosis. The most common preventive treatment option is oral isoniazid for 6 months.